Objectives Define the terms system, system analysis, and system design. These are basic managerial skills that the analyst must have to conduct the analysis properly. In this session, we explore the meaning of system in accordance with analysts and designers. Time management skills. From the foregoing descriptions of the roles the systems analyst plays, it is easy to see that the successful systems analyst must possess a wide range of qualities. Define the requirements and prototypes for new system. Describe a selection of systems design tools. In most cases, the analyst works as a change agent. Now a system analyst is seen more as a change agent responsible for delivering value to an organization on its investments in management information systems (that includes a heavy dose of information communication technology investment). Now a system analyst is seen more as a change agent responsible for delivering value to an organization on its investments in management. Good understanding, communication, selling and teaching abilities. As we have pointed out in the previous section, the role of the analyst encompasses both the business and technology domain. Plan the periodicity for evaluation after it has been used for some time, and modify the system as needed. A test report which contains errors is prepared through test plan that includes test related tasks such as test case generation, testing criteria, and resource allocation for testing. The role of the analyst has however changed with time. The analyst uses the opportunity of devising a solution to bring in change and make the organization more efficient. The system analyst is a person who is thoroughly aware of the system and guides the system development project by giving proper directions. Without the technical know how they will not be able to develop the solution. The following diagram shows the complete life cycle of the system during analysis and design phase. PLANNING AND INITIAL INVESTIGATION INFORMATION GATHERING TOOLS OF STRUCTURED ANALYSIS FEASIBILITY STUDY COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS Faculty Name: Anil Kumar Mahto 2 ... Role of system analyst Karan Chaudhary. Systems Development Life Cycle is a systematic approach which explicitly breaks down the work into phases that are required to implement either new or modified Information System. Implement the design into source code through coding. The system analyst is a person who is thoroughly aware of the system and guides the system development project by giving proper directions. The system analyst is the person (or persons) who guides through the development of an information system. The analyst must also have a broad knowledge of the entire technical domain. The system analyst then bridges the gap between the two by translating and transforming the business problem/opportunity into a information systems solution and supplying the specification of such a system to the technologist who can then take up the task and build the actual system. He is an expert having technical and interpersonal skills to carry out development tasks required at each phase. List and describe the phases of the systems development life cycle. An organization requires system analysts as line managers normally do not have an understanding of the kind of information-based solutions that are possible for their business problems. Problem solving: This skill will help the analyst form a systems approach to problem solving so that they are able to structure a problem even when there is none. To play the role of a motivator and sales person, system analysts have to hold good communication, sales, and persuasion skills. A system analyst is responsible for analyzing, designing and implementing systems to fulfill organizational needs. Examine the information needs of end-user and enhances the system goal. Ensure that the final design must meet the requirements stated in SRS document. It is also easy to customize to meet your specific job requirements. Combine all the modules together into training environment that detects errors and defects. It is a process of collecting and interpreting facts, identifying the problems, and decomposition of a system into its components.System analysis is conducted for the purpose of studying a system or its parts in order to identify its objectives. This will help them adhere to the strict schedules of the task. Maintenance and support may be needed for a longer time for large systems and for a short time for smaller systems. Team management skills. Man management skills. During this phase, threats, constraints, integration and security of system are also considered. Transform the SRS document into logical structure, which contains detailed and complete set of specifications that can be implemented in a programming language. Negotiation skills. The primary objective of systems analysis and design is to improve organizational systems. These states do not change the description of the use cases, but indicate that the use cases have been realized in the analysis and design of the system. A Software Requirement Specification (SRS) document, which specifies the software, hardware, functional, and network requirements of the system is prepared at the end of this phase. Suggests many flexible alternative solutions, pick the best solution, and quantify cost and benefits. The basic and most important step for system analysts is to understand user’s requirements clearly. This will help them manage the project within the boundaries of time and cost. Role of System Analyst differs from organization to organization. An effective System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) should result in a high quality system that meets customer expectations, reaches completion within time and cost evaluations, and works effectively and efficiently in the current and planned Information Technology infrastructure. Presentation skills: The analyst must have good presentation skills that will help him to communicate better. SDLC includes the following activities −. The primary objective of systems analysis and design is to improve organizational systems. A system analyst is responsible for analyzing, designing and implementing systems to fulfill organizational needs. Confirm project feasibility and produce the project Schedule. Inevitably, the process of creating an information systems enabled solution is coupled with the activity of business process reengineering through which change is brought in. Describe the various data gathering and analysis tools. He/she plays a vital role in making operational the management information system. Include all the activities such as phone support or physical on-site support for users that is required once the system is installing. System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a conceptual model which includes policies and procedures for developing or altering systems throughout their life cycles. Implemented the logical design of system which must be modular. System Analysis Faculty Name: Anil Kumar Mahto 1 2. This skill will also help them to connect to people in the client organization so that there is greater acceptability for their solutions. The technical specialist might not understand the business issue, if it comes directly from the line managers as he has very little knowledge of business processes. System study and organizational knowledge, Problem identification, problem analysis, and problem solving, Curiosity to learn about new organization.