Georges Hébert (27 April 1875 – 2 August 1957) was a pioneering physical educator in the French military who developed a system of physical education and training known as "la méthode naturelle" ("Natural Method") or hebertism (built on his name), which combined the training of a wide variety of physical capacities with the training of courage and ethics. Social sciences English: Johann Christoph Friedrich GutsMuths, also called Guts Muth or Gutsmuths (9 August 1759, Quedlinburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany - 21 May 1839, Ibenhain (nowadays a district of Waltershausen), Thuringia, Germany) was a teacher and educator in Germany. His influence, combined with that of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, created a long-lasting nationalistic ethos of physical training within the German tradition. He is thought of as the "grandfather of gymnastics" – the "father" being Friedrich Ludwig Jahn. Johann Friedrich Gutsmuths was born on month day 1874, at birth place, to Ernst Friedrich Gutsmuths and Sophie Margarethe Wessels. Sociology, View all related items in Oxford Reference », Search for: 'Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts-Muths' in Oxford Reference ». (1759–1839)A German founder of a system of gymnastics that was introduced into schools in Germany in the 19th century. Johann Christoph Friedrich GutsMuths, also called Guts Muth or Gutsmuths, was a teacher and educator in Germany, and is especially known for his role in the development of physical education. — Black Friday Sale! These two divisions may…. Guts-Muths wrote several books and manuals outlining his system of gymnastics and exercise and targeting youth and young people (Gymnastics for Youth, 1793); he also studied theology and geography. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, the German “father of gymnastics” who founded the turnverein (gymnastics club) movement in Germany. How have Johann Friedrich GutsMuths ideas influenced modern physical education? A German founder of a system of gymnastics that was introduced into schools in Germany in the 19th century. He was a fervent patriot who believed that physical education was the cornerstone of national health and strength and important in … You could not be signed in, please check and try again. See also Turnen. Johann Friedrich GutsMuths legitimized the profession of physical education; believed many educational institutions were unaware of the value of gymnastics or PE. The renaissance saw a cultural shift to humanism and naturalism, which found a new appreciation for the beauty of human movement, and greater emphasis on physical activity in education. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice). His father died when Johann was twelve years old. Guts-Muths wrote several books and manuals outlining his system of gymnastics and exercise and targeting youth and young people (Gymnastics for Youth, 1793); he also studied theology and geography. These noncompetitive alternatives to modern sports also flourished in eastern Europe during the…. Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts-Muths was born on August 9, 1759 in Quedlinburg, the son of an ordinary lower-middle-class family. FamilySearch Family Tree in  From:  …the “grandfather of modern gymnastics,” Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths, a leading teacher at the Philanthropinist school in Schnepfenthal, Germany, whose Gymnastik für die Jugend (1793; “Gymnastics for Youth”) enjoyed a wide circulation. The “grandfather” of modern gymnastics, Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths (1759–1839), was a leading teacher at the Philanthropinist school in Schnepfenthal. Education Guts-Muths was educated at the gymnasium of Quedlinburg and at Halle University. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Johann-Christoph-Friedrich-Guts-Muths, physical culture: Humanism and national revivals. Guts-Muths, Johann Christoph Friedrich  Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. GutsMuths was engaged as a teacher in the ordinary school subjects, but he won his international reputation as the founder of pedagogical gymnastics when he took responsibility for gymnastics education at the school in 1786. The “grandfather” of modern gymnastics, Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths (1759–1839), was a leading teacher at the Philanthropinist school in Schnepfenthal. In his seminal work, Gymnastik für die Jugend (1793; Gymnastics for Youth), Guts Muths envisioned two main divisions of gymnastics: natural gymnastics and artificial gymnastics. Premium Membership is now 50% off! He was a fervent patriot who believed that physical education was the cornerstone of national health and strength and important in strengthening character and national identity. A German founder of a system of gymnastics that was introduced into schools in Germany in the 19th century. His belief in the power of exercise was as much a philosophy as a science, and his teachings constitute an influential European strand in a kind of secular theology of body culture. A Dictionary of Sports Studies », Subjects: Johann lived in 1874, at address . All Rights Reserved. PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). Johann Christoph Friedrich GutsMuths, also called Guts Muth or Gutsmuths (b. b9 August 1759, Quedlinburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany – 21 May 1839, Waltershausen, Thuringia, Germany) was a teacher and educator in Germany, and is especially known for his role in the development of physical education.He is thought of as the "grandfather of gymnastics" – the "father" being Friedrich Ludwig Jahn. It was Johann Friedrich GutsMuths, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, Franz Nachtegall, and Per Henrik Ling. He introduced systematic physical exercises in the school curriculum, and developed the basic principles of artistic gymnastics. Men such as Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths in Germany and Per Henrik Ling in Sweden elaborated systems of gymnastic exercise that were eventually adopted by school systems in Britain, the United States, and Japan. (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. nation should promote health of its people to become a stronger nation Johann Christoph Friedrich Guts Muths (Germany 1759-1839) Was a German teacher and educator, and is especially known for his role in the development of physical education. Guts-Muths wrote several books and manuals outlining his system of gymnastics and exercise and targeting youth and young people (Gymnastics for … In his seminal work, Gymnastik für die Jugend (1793; Gymnastics for Youth), Guts Muths envisioned two main divisions of gymnastics: natural gymnastics and artificial gymnastics.

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