Which type of water do you think we have the most of on the Earth? Learn how to make this cool musical instrument! It flows approximately 3,685 kilometers (2,290 miles) across Russia and empties into the Caspian Sea. The Nile River, located in Africa, is listed as being 6,853 kilometers (4,258 miles) long, and is hence commonly considered to be the longest river in the world. 5) As rivers flow their course across the land, they form lots of fascinating geographic features, such as amazing mountain valleys, canyons, lakes and, of course, wonderful waterfalls! Khone Falls, Laos – the widest waterfall, measuring an incredible 10,783m! A river is a large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or another river. Rivers are referred to as streams, brooks, creeks, tributaries, courses, waterways, or if you live in Scotland, it's a burn, or in England it's a beck. A river is a large natural stream of water flowing in a channel to the sea, a lake, or another river.. Rivers normally contain freshwater. The river has a major significance in Judaism and Christianity. and freshwater turtles, which have been around for 200 million years! The current is usually strongest near the river’s source. Germany has built water bridges on the Elbe river which allows ships to cross the river. Most settlements were built along major rivers. The Amazon River is the largest river by discharge volume of water – greater than the next seven largest independent rivers combined. 10) It’s not just rivers themselves which are fascinating – it’s the wonderful wildlife that lives in them, too! 4) But what about the world’s deepest river? Oceans take up most of the Earth’s surface, so salt water is the most common on Earth. ). London has approximately 20 hidden rivers that flow beneath its streets. Switzerland has more high peaks than any other country in Europe: 48 that are above 4000 meters. ANSWER. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The longest river in Europe is the Volga. On this island there's a lake called Taal Lake. See the fact file below for more information and links about lakes. The longest river in the world is the Amazon. By Becky Oskin 29 September 2014. Learn all about them with our fascinating facts about rivers! 5 Surprising Facts About Lakes. And if you cannot see the bottom of a lake, it is considered dirty. What do rivers provide? The Amazon River originates from the Andes in the Peru and runs through Bolivia, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and Brazil. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Rivers continue to provide transportation routes, water for drinking and for irrigating farmland, and power for homes and industries. The great majority of rivers eventually flow into a larger body of water, like an ocean, sea, or large lake. It is the second longest river in Africa after the Nile and the second largest river in the world by discharge volume of water (after the Amazon). We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Germany has built water bridges on the Elbe river which allows ships to cross the river. Rio Negro is a river located in South America. 11) Some of the most fascinating river creatures include Amazon river dolphins (which have pink skin! The Congo River is the world’s deepest river with measured depths in excess of 220 meters (720 feet). All the major civilizations such as the Mesopotamian, Indus Valley, the Egyptian and the Chinese civilizations have developed on the banks of rivers. You’re leaving natgeokids.com to visit another website! Get messy, explore and appreciate nature, all from the safety of home! Rivers and lakes sustain more fish species than the sea even though they contain 600 times less water. The end of the river is called the mouth. But did you know they hold less than 1% of the world’s water? Rivers have always been important to people. Russia has more rivers than any other country. The lakes usually are filled with the water from the streams and rivers. The lake and pond are also distinctive. This global event raises awareness of the importance of rivers and how we can best protect them for years to come! They crossed on a ferry piloted by Charon, the ferryman of Hades. It can be compared to the color of a strong tea. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Rivers are the cradles of civilization. 97% of Earth’s water is salt water in the oceans. There are 18 countries that don’t have a single river. Interesting facts about the Great Salt Lake, Interesting facts about the Blue Ridge Mountains, Interesting facts about Yellowstone National Park, Interesting facts about Lake of the Ozarks, Interesting facts about the Mojave Desert. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Rivers and streams are different from lakes for the former two ones are flowing. 12) Rivers and lakes are a vital source of freshwater for life on Earth. 3. Let’s dive in to find out more…. A river grows larger as it collects water from more tributaries along its course. Rivers provide a home for all kinds of creatures, including insects, amphibians, birds, reptiles, mammals and over 10,000 species of fish! And in Colombia, the aquatic plants of Caño Cristales – known as the ‘River of Five Colours‘ – make the waters flow with bright blue, red, black, yellow and green! 12) Rivers and lakes are a vital source of freshwater for life on Earth. The Greeks believed that dead souls had to cross the River Acheron, a branch of the Styx, to reach the underworld. A river grows larger as it collects water from more tributaries along its course. Freshwater fisheries currently sustain up to 550 million people on a fish-based diet. Some believe the balls come from the breath of Naga, a mythical serpent that haunts the river. 3. A river is a natural stream of water that flows along a channel to another water body such as another river, lake, or ocean. ), freshwater stingrays (which can grow to an enormous 5 metres!) A lake, sometimes called a loch, is an area filled with water that is surrounded by land apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. The passage where the river flows is called the river bed and the earth on each side is called a river bank. In These are streams of the River Thames and River Lea that were built over as the city grew.

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